Учитель Крутько В.К.
- to develop pupils’ productive skills on given problems;
- to foster pair and team works;
- to develop pupils’ listening, reading, writing and speaking skills;
- to stimulate pupils’ thinking and develop their imagination.
Equipment: pictures, individual cards, tape recorder.
T: Hello, everyone. The topic of our lesson is “Natural Disasters”.
Please, look out of the window and tell me which season finishes? Of course it’s winter, and spring is coming.
What is the weather like in spring? (The weather is changeable.)
Please tell me what you will do this weekend if the weather is fine (bad)?
If the weather is fine, I will…
If the weather is bad, I will…
T: Let’s recite a spring poem.
Spring, spring, spring,
Let us play and sing.
The grass and leaves are becoming green.
Welcome, welcome, dear spring!
T: Take turns and say one sentence about spring.
The birds are coming back from the south.
All the animals are greeting spring.
The trees are going to blossom.
III. MAIN PART
T: Which natural disasters do you known? (tornado, floods, tsunamis…)
I am sure that some natural disasters are caused by people and some are caused by nature. Divide all these serious problems into two groups: natural disasters and man-made problems.
Natural disasters: earthquakes, floods, tornadoes, volcanoes, tsunamis, droughts, wildfires, hurricanes.
Man-made problems: deforestation, air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, rubbish, overpopulation, global warming.
T: Work in pairs and try to find a definition for each natural disaster.
Earthquake – sudden shaking of the Earth;
Tornado – an extremely violent storm consisting of air that spins very quickly and causes a lot of damages;
Hurricane – a storm that has very strong fast winds and that moves over water;
Tsunami – a very large wave caused be extreme conditions such as an earthquake, which can cause a lot of damage when it reaches land;
Flood – a very large amount of water that covers an area that is usually dry; can be caused be heavy rains or snow melting that pours much water into rivers;
Drought – unusually dry weather, a lack of rain;
Wildfire – a fire that moves quickly and cannot be controlled;
Volcano – a mountain with a large hole at the top, through which lava is sometimes forced out.
T: Match disasters a-g with quotes 1-7
d forest fire
g volcanic eruption
1 ‘It was 6.3 on the Richter scale.’
2 ‘The city is covered in ash and mud. There is a stream of molten lava.’
3 ‘Tanya is heading for Florida with winds of up to 170 miles per hour.’
4 ‘The Thames has broken its banks.’
5 ‘After years without rain there is no food or water.’
6 ‘The high winds are making it very difficult for the emergency services to put it out.’
7 ‘A massive undersea earthquake caused a ten-metre-high wave.’
T: You are going to listen Ann and Sam talking about natural disasters. Match the speakers and the statements. Whose idea do you like more?
T: Imagine you want to raise money to help people after a natural disaster. Use the idea:
- Organize a concert
- A photo exhibition
- Sell lottery tickets
- A sports event, eg. football marathon
- Charity organization
T: Listen to the poem and imagine the situation. Let’s have some relaxation!
Make yourself comfortable! Close you eyes! Relax your face, neck, shoulders, arms, back, legs, and feet! Imagine that you are at the seaside.
You are alone! The sun is shining brightly! It’s warm! You feel comfortable and happy!
Imagine: you see a yacht! It’s a very nice yacht with white sails. On the top of the sails you see the letter R. What does it mean? It means reduce. The yacht comes nearer and on the sail you see the second R.
What does it mean? It means reuse. And at last you see one more R. What does it mean? It means recycle.
How many Rs were there? (Three Rs.)
What do they mean? (Reduce – to make less; reuse – to use again; recycle – to use rubbish to make new products.)
What can we reduce? (Waste, water, electricity, gas usage.)
What can we reuse? (Bottles, cans, jars, bags.)
What can we recycle? (Paper, plastic, glass.)
What things can we change? (We have to stop making plastic bags, make bags of natural materials, use less and reuse.)
T: At the end of the lesson I advice you to write a leaflet to people called “Let’s save our planet.” I hope you found out that environmental problems are closely connected with natural disasters. If we stop to pollute our nature, there will not be any natural disasters.
T: I want to finish this lesson with the following poem.
Every day is Earth Day.
If it’s cold or wet, or hot,
Pitch in to save the planet.
It’s the only one we’ve got.
V. HOME ASSIGNMENT
At home prepare message about natural disasters and environmental problems in Ukraine.