English Portal Newsletter
Here are some expressions commonly used in discussing Transport matters:
air transport — air transportation: transportation by air
bulk shipment — transport of goods in large numbers, amounts, or volume; a shipment of loose boxes or pieces
carrier — freight forwarder, forwarding agent
consignment — goods carried by a large vehicle; synonyms: cargo, loading, freight, load, payload, shipment
consolidated shipment — the small shipments combined or consolidated into larger shipments to reduce transportation expenditures. Larger volume shipments typically qualify for quantity discounts. Generally the larger the shipment the lower the freight rate per hundred weight.
content — the items contained in something
conveyor — a person who conveys (carries or transmits)
delivery van — a commercial road vehicle with luggage space at the rear, lighter than a lorry or truck
despatch — the act of sending off something
destination — the place to which one or something is going or directed
freight — cargo, carriage
freight costs — freight rate, forwarding charges
goods train — freight train
haulier / mover (US) — a person or company that transports goods by road, especially in lorries; freight carrier
hazardous cargo — hazardous materials; articles or substances that are capable of posing a significant risk to health, safety or property when transported
in transit — on the way, during transport
load — something that is carried or transported; an amount that is or can be carried or transported at one time
long haul — carrying cargo or passengers over a long distance
mode of dispatch — type of despatch (UK spelling), dispatch type (US spelling)
place of dispatch — shipping point
port — harbour, dock
rail transport — transport of goods along railways or railroads
reach — to arrive at or get as far as (a place, position, etc)
road transport — transport on roads
ship — to put on board of a ship, or vessel of any kind, for transportation
shipping — the commercial enterprise of transporting goods and materials; transportation, transport
transhipment — the transfer and reloading of goods during the transport from the initial point of loading to the final point of destination either within the same mode of transport or onto another mode of transport.
unload — to remove (a load or cargo) from (a vehicle, ship, etc)
via — by way of or by means of; through; example: travelled from Edinburgh to London via York
water transport — the process of moving goods by barge, boat, ship or sailboat over a sea, ocean, lake, canal or river
weight limit — the maximum gross weight including the equipment and goods that can be transported .
Now we put new vocabulary into context, so you can see how you might use these terms yourself. The expressions are in boldface in the text.
Shipping can more generally refer to the transport of freight («shipments»), independent of the mode of transport.
Consignment is the act of consigning, which is placing a person or thing in the hand of another, but retaining ownership until the goods are sold.
Straw layers should be placed between melon layers to reduce fruit injury during bulk shipment.
Consolidated shipments may contain different products and may include products for more than one recipient.
Direct shipping happens when a vessel ships the cargo on one shipping service to its final destination.
Transhipment takes place when a container is transported by a vessel to an intermediate port. There, it will be transferred onto another ship bound for its final destination.
Dispatch is a form of logistics as used in the taxi, courier, and service delivery industries and for emergency services.
To minimize freight costs, backorders can be consolidated with further shipments